Chengdu Wuhou Shrine
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Wuhou Shrine, located in the south of Chengdu, covers an area of about 150,000 square meters. It is the only place in China which was built in honor of both an emperor and his minister in one temple. It is not only the most famous memorial hall commemorating Zhuge Liang, Liu Bei and other heroes of the Kingdom Shu, but also the world’s most influential museum about the ancient relics of the Three Kingdoms. It has always been reputed as ‘the sacred land of the Three Kingdoms’. In 1961 Wuhou Temple was designated as one of the first batch of the national key cultural relics under the state protection by the State Council，and in 2008 the museum was rated as a national first-class museum. Wuhou Shrine comprises three sections, namely the Relics Section, the Garden Section, and the Ancient Jinli Street.
The Relics Section
The Relics Section consists of the Hui Mausoleum (Liu Bei’s Tomb), the Zhaolie Temple of Han (Liu Bei’s temple), and the Wuhou Shrine. The existing main buildings of the museum were expanded on the site in 1672 except for Liu Bei’s Tomb which was built in 223 AD, all these buildings were set in an axis line, all facing south, including the main gate, the second gate, the Zhaolie Temple of Han, the Hallway, the Wuhou Shrine, the Three Sworn Brothers Temple which was relocated in recent years, and the newly built Sworn Brothers Building. The Jinli Ancient Street and the Garden Section are located to the east and west respectively of the Relics Section.
Jinli Ancient Street
“Jinli” was a famous neighborhood in Chengdu running the business of weaving and selling brocade during the period spanning through the Qin Dynasty, the Han Dynasty, and the Three Kingdoms. It was the origional place where the ancient southern Silk Road begins. The current Jinli Ancient Street was built by Chengdu Wuhou Temple Museum and opened to the public on October 31, 2004, and its extension section was open to the public in January 2009. The total length of the street is 550 meters, and the buildings best represent the architechtural style of the traditionnal residencial buildings of Sichuan in the late period of Qing Dynasty. Being adjacent to Chengdu Wuhou Temple, and with the culture of Three Kingdoms as its soul, the style and features of Qing and Min Dynasties as its appearance, and the folk custom of western Sichuan as its content, the Ancient Jinli Street actively combines history with the modern times and meets the tourists’ requirements of food, lodging, traveling, sightseeing, shopping and recreation. It not only extends the Three Kingdoms culture, but also adds new vitality to the ancient Wuhou Temple. Jinli has become the most popular tourist spot and the new name card of Chengdu. It is reputed as “Chengdu’s painting of Riverside Scene on Qingming Festival and the “Grand View Garden of Sichuan folk customs”.
The Garden Section
At the end of 2003, Chengdu Wuhou Temple merged with Nanjiao Park. The original site of the Nanjiao Park was the tomb garden of Liu Xiang, who was the president of Sichuan Province during the period of the Republic of China and the commander of the 7th war zone during the Anti-Japanese War. The tomb garden was constructed during the period from 1938 to 1942. It has a 400-meter central axis which goes from south to north; stone memorial archway gate, three-hole gate, square pavilion, Jianxin hall, and coffin chamber.etc, are arranged in a rational way, making the garden solemn and majestic. It is the only northern style building complex in southwest China. In the near future, the garden section will be developed into the center for spreading and experiencing the culture of Three Kingdoms. Chengdu Wuhouci Art Gallery officially opened in June 2013. Chengdu Wuhouci Art Gallery is one of the most important aspects of the improve project for The Garden Section.It is an attempt for transmission, preservation, and the promotion of cultural space.
Chengdu Grand Temple Fair
According to Chinese customs, during the Spring Festival, everyone goes back to their hometown and participates in various celebrations including Spring Festival fairs. Since those fairs are usually held at ancient temples, they have also been known as "temple fairs." Temple fairs, originated along with the development of Buddhist and Taoist activities, are a kind of mass gatherings that integrate religious worship，entertainment and commerce. Although Chengdu has several Spring Festival fairs, the Chengdu Grand Temple Fair takes the first position among all in terms of both scale and quality. Chengdu Grand Temple Fair was held in Wuhou Shrine since 2005 and has been considered as one of the most influential fairs among China nowadays.
The Ticket:RMB 60
Weibo: Chengdu Wuhou Shrine
Address: No.231,Wuhouci Street,Chengdu,Sichuan.