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Linz(Austria)

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Linz, a city in northern Austria and the capital of the State of Upper Austria, is situated astride the Danube. It is not only the largest port in the upper reaches of the Danube but also the industrial and commercial centre as well as the transportation hub with a population of 203,000 (in 1971). Founded in the 13th century, Linz has a lot of historic sites in the downtown area, such as the Church of St. Martin and the City Hall built in the 8th and 7th century respectively. And the State Museum in Linz has a large collection of paintings, folk art pieces and Roman art objects. The major industries of Linz include iron & steel, machinery, chemical engineering, wood processing and textile. In 1938, “United Austrian Iron and Steel Works” and its chemical plant, the largest enterprise of Austria, was established in Linz. From 1948 to 1952, United Austrian Iron and Steel Works invented the Oxygen Jet Steel, which was later introduced into the rest of the world. Acrylic &Chemical fiber company in the suburb of Linz has kept the trade relations with China for more than 20 years. And the company is mainly working on products like nylon filament. The light industries here cover the following fields: wool textile, cotton textile, velvet and carpet manufacturing. The food industry of Linz is famous for its superb roast technology. Linz is a commercial center with a flourishing economy. Every year, businessmen across Europe gather here, doing some good business. In 1832, Europe's first railway was built in Linz, opening up the history of railway transportation. River transportation of Linz is also well-developed. Large freighters and luxuriant yachts are shuttling to and fro on the Danube. Linz attaches great importance to culture and education. Literature society, literature library, colleges for theology and education, art school, technical school, military training field, dancing and riding Schools, school for the blind and deaf are all set up here. And the famous Bruckner School of Music of Austria is set up here as well. Great musicians including Mozart, Beethoven and Schubert once led their lives as artists in Linz. In July, 1983, Linz established sister relationship with Chengdu.

As the capital of Yamanashi Prefect.,Japan, Kofu has a long history which can be traced to the middle of Jomon Age. In the warring period of Japan, Takeda Nobutora set up his mansion at this place. Then a city came into being with many years’ renovation and expansion by Takeda Shingen and Takeda Katsuyori. It was named as Kai. In August of the 4th year of Meiji, its name was changed to Yamanashi; and in July of the 22nd year of Meiji (A.D. 1889)it was named Kofu as a city with the combination of the nearby villages.

In the agriculture sector, Kofu is famous for its fruit cultivation and vegetable plantation, especially grape cultivation. It was hornored as the Best Land of Grapes in Japan.

Crystals polishing, processing and carving, as Kofu’s traditional industry, has enjoyed long-term reputation worldwide. The crystal products are sold to the world as top-class arts and crafts.

Kofu is not only one of the few places for processing gems and precious metals around the world, but also a famous distribution centre of gems. Kofu’s industrial enterprises are gathered in a specified industry zone, where 22 enterprises have set up their factories for the production of large-scale integrates circuits computers, machines and electronic parts. Kofu has another name as Commercial City, for its plenty of shops, markets, supermarkets, commercial high-rise buildings and the financial office buildings.

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